Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan

Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan (April 10, 1915 – July 31, 2003) also known as Bani-e-Kashmir "Father of Kashmir" and Ghazi-e-Millat "Hero of Nation", was the founder and first President of Azad Kashmir.  Born in Kot Mattay Khan, a village of DistrictPoonch of Kashmir, Sardar Ibrahim obtained his LLB from the University of London in 1943, and began his practice as a prosecutor in 1943 at Mirpur. He completed his BVC from Lincoln's Inn and became the first Barrister of Kashmir. He was appointed as assistant advocate general in 1944 by the thenMaharaja of Kashmir. He left the government job in line with the liberation of Kashmir movement, and contested the 1946 elections with sweeping victory that made him the Member of Rajiha Sabha. He led an army of Kashmiri guerrillas against the Maharaja of Kashmir, Hari Singh, after passing the resolution for Kashmir's accession to Pakistan in 1947, at his residence. Sardar and his army were unable to capture the whole Kashmiri Territory due to the resolution passed by United Nations on August 13, 1948. However, the captured area was named as Azad Kashmir and Khan was elected as its firstPresident at the age of 32. He represented Kashmir in different capacities in the United Nations from 1948 to 1971.

Role of Ghazi-e-Millat in 1947 Independence Struggle

At that time Mahraja Hari Singh had imposed ban on public meetings and political activities in Jammu and Kashmir. On 19 July 1947 Sardar Ibrahim called the meeting of general assembly at his residence where a resolution was unanimously passed for the accession of the State to Pakistan. He also declared Jihad for the achievement of his goal. Thereupon the Dogra Raja turned against him and therefore he instantly left the state and moved to Murree. In Murree, he strove to gather ammunition from the private individuals and organizations. With the help of fellow Kashmiris he launched ‘Jihad’ against the Maharaja and after a long and vigorous fight, he defeated the forces of Maharaja on 24 October 1947 and laid the foundation of independent state of Azad Kashmir. As first President of Azad Kashmir he was invited by the United Nation to brief the session of the General Assembly on the situation in Kashmir. Under the leadership of Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim the annual session of the All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference was held at Kotli in 1954, and a resolution was moved for the establishment of a proper Legislative Assembly in Azad Kashmir. From then onwards he and his lieutenants kept trying to achieve their goal. Finally it was during the Yahya Khan’s regime that Azad Kashmir Legislative Assembly was formed. Sardar Ibrahim was elected as the president of Azad Kashmir for the second time on April 13, 1957 and for the third time on June 5, 1975. Sardar Ibrahim was very close to Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and formed Azad Kashmir as a chapter of Pakistan Peoples Party. In 1977 Zia-ul-Haq dissolved the government of Bhutto and allowed Sardar Ibrahim to continue as president provided he gave up support Bhutto. But Sardar Ibrahim refused to betray his bosom friend Bhutto. The result was the removal of Sardar Ibrahim from the office of the president through a proclamation issued by General Ziaul Haq as Chairman of Azad Jammu and Kashmir Council on October 30, 1978. Sardar Ibrahim still retained his reputation and was re-elected for the fourth time as the President of Azad Kashmir in August 1996. He remained in the office till August 2001. Sardar Ibrahim, who played a vital role in the politics of Azad Kashmir from the day one has now restricted his political activities due to the age factor.

Masood Khan 

         Masood Khan is a career diplomat who has been recently appointed as the Director General of the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad by the Government of Pakistan. He was the Permanent Representative of Pakistan to the United Nations in New York until Feb 07, 2015. Previously, beginning in September 2008, he was Pakistan's Ambassador to China. Before that he was the ambassador and permanent representative of Pakistan to the United Nations Office at Geneva from 2005 to 2008. He also stayed as the chairman of the Committee on Internet Governance at the World Summit on the Information Society in 2005.

          Masood Khan joined the Foreign Service of Pakistan in 1980. His foreign assignments include: Third Secretary in Beijing (1984–1986), Second Secretary and First Secretary at The Hague (1986–1989) and Counselor at United Nations New York (1993–1997) and Political Counselor in Washington, D.C. (1997–2002).

His assignments at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs include: section officer for Europe, Iran and South Asian countries (1980–1982), director for Economic Cooperation Organization, Overseas Pakistanis and International Conferences (1990–1991), director for Secretary General's office (1991–1992), director-general for East Asia and Pacific (2002–2003), director-general for United Nations, Disarmament, and Organisation of the Islamic Conference (2003–2004) and spokesman for Pakistan Foreign Office (2003–2005).

             Masood Khan was appointed as Pakistan's permanent representative to United Nations Office at Geneva in February 2005. During this time, he stayed as chairman for many forums including International Organization for Migration Council, Group of 77 and China at Geneva, Government Group of International Labour Organization (ILO), Conference on Disarmament and Organisation of the Islamic Conference at Geneva.

In September 2008, Masood Khan was appointed as Pakistan's Ambassador to People's Republic of China replacing Salman Bashir who proceeded as Foreign Secretary atMinistry of Foreign Affairs. In October 2012, he was appointed as Pakistan's Permanent Representative to the United Nations, New York.

He is married and has three children. His granduncle-Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan(April 10, 1915 – July 31, 2003)also known as Bani-e-Kashmir "Father of Kashmir" and Ghazi-e-Millat "Hero of Nation", was the founder and first President of Azad Kashmir



General Sardar Mohammad Hayat Khan X Persident Azad Jumma Kashmir

He was born on 20 dec 1938 in the house of sardar sher Ali khan in chatagala a village near Rawalakot. He got his education from government high school Rawalakot . He had also made his contribution in independence war.He got commission in army on 15 nov 1948. He had shown his excellent skills in war of 65. And71. On many battlefield. Due to his excellent performance he was awarded with sitare imtiaz military and sitare bisalat.

In 1977 with the advise of all political parties the Legislative Assembely of AJK and AJK Council had been dissolved ,still His highness sardar Ibrahim was president of AJK Latter he was forcefully removed . sardar sab file a petition in supreme court he was not succeded and Major General Habib ur Rahamn was appointed as president of AJK. He resigned due to his illness.

On 5th nov 19977 marshelaw was announced in Pakistan He was appointed as Caretaker of AJK on 1st nov 1977. Latter he was appointed as president due to resignation of former president.

He had excellent skill of administration. Beside that he had no prior experience of politics he proved as a good administrator. In his reign there were no political restrictions like as in Pakistan . He had not faced any political problem which were proof of his excellent skills and abilities.

His reign was an area of prosperity , development and construction for AJK. He had no political aim, his only aim was development. He wanted to make AJK a welfare state . He is the only Ruler of AJK who got full support from Pakistan. In his reign he had done many marvelous work which were not performed by 31 year prior government and nearly 32 year government. He had blown life in every department of AJK.

He had done many marvelous work . some of them are listed below.

Inauguration of AJK first university ,with four campous in muzzafarabad , Rawalakot,kotli ,mirpur.His vision was that in future these all would become full universities .oncce a question was asked name a Univesity which is spread on whole state.

Construction of goe nala road which reduce time of journey from 7 to 3 hour.

Captain Hussain khan Shaheed

کیپٹن حسین خان شہید وہ مردِ مجاہد جس نے دھرتی ماں کی خاطر وہ لازوال داستانِ شجاعت و بہادری رقم کی کے جس کی نظیر تا قیامت عبث ہے۔ کچھ لوگ وطن کی خاطر جان کا نذرانہ پیش کر کے حقِ وطن ادا کرتے ہیں اور کچھ مال کا نذرانہ پیش کر کے سر خرو ہوتے ہیں۔ مگر حسین تاریخِ اقوام کا وہ واحد شہید ہے جو اپنی جان و مال دونوں ارضِ وطن پر نثارونچھاور کر کے رہتی دنیا تک امر ہو گیا۔ اپنی متاع جان و مال کا نذرانہ راہِ حق میں پیش کرتے ہوئے موجودہ آزاد علاقہ "ریاست جموں و کشمیر" مہاراجہ ہری سنگھ اور ڈوگرہ سامراجیت سے آزاد کراتے ہوئے دشمن کے تعاقب میں بمقام قابل گلہ (شہید گلہ) نزد تولی پیر روالاکوٹ بتاریخ 11 نومبر 1947ء جامِ شہادت نوش کیا۔ اپنے اسلاف کی روایات کے امین و فاتح آزاد کشمیر کیپٹن حسین خان شہید سلام ہو آپ پر۔قسم خدا کی تو سرخرو ہے.

 

Bagum Shamshad Aziz & Dr Rehana Kausar

 Bagum Shamshad Aziz Mamber Azad Jammu & Kashmir Legislative Assembly&Dr Rehana Kausar MD fist Female Doctor Former head of the Islamic Medical Association of USA .

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